Bangladesh is voting in a normal election, with Primary Minister Sheikh Hasina trying to find her third consecutive time period in workplace.
Stability forces are on large alert, with some 600,000 security staff deployed across the nation. Extra than 100m men and women are qualified to vote.
Additional than a dozen people have been killed in clashes in between supporters of rival political get-togethers.
Ms Hasina is envisioned to earn, although her most important rival is in jail for corruption.
Significant-speed mobile net has been ordered to be shut down until immediately after the elections, a final decision designed to reduce rumours and propaganda from triggering unrest, an official said.
Shortly right before polls opened, a BBC correspondent saw crammed ballot boxes at a polling centre in the port metropolis of Chittagong (Lalkhan Bazar, Chittagong 10 constituency).
When the presiding officer of the centre was questioned about them, he declined to comment.
Only ruling bash polling agents had been present at that and a number of other polling centres in the 2nd major city of the region.
Why is this election vital?
Bangladesh is a Muslim-the greater part nation of far more than one hundred sixty million individuals and faces difficulties ranging from maybe devastating local climate alter to endemic poverty and corruption.
Considering the fact that an Islamic Condition-claimed assault on an upscale bakery in the funds Dhaka in July 2016, the federal government has responded with an iron fist to put down Islamist militancy.
The place has recently been in the worldwide spotlight as hundreds of countless numbers of Rohingya Muslims have fled there from neighbouring Myanmar. The govt has been praised internationally for using them in but faces sharp criticism for its human legal rights record in other parts.
The polls also arrive months immediately after tens of 1000’s younger men and women took to the streets in massive quantities to protest about highway fatalities – in a uncommon show of fury that the authorities and professional-governing administration groups place down with drive.
“All we want is corruption to be absent and driving licences to halt becoming handed out like candy,” one seventeen-calendar year-outdated informed the BBC in August.
The direct-up to the election has been marked by violence and a crackdown on dissent by a authorities that critics say has only grown additional authoritarian in the course of its ten years in energy.
Who are the contenders?
Sheikh Hasina is head of the Awami League (AL) – which has operate Bangladesh because 2009. She is trying to get a third consecutive phrase.
Her father, the nation’s to start with president Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, is celebrated as the founding father of unbiased Bangladesh. He was assassinated in 1975.
During the nineties and early 2000s, Ms Hasina and her excellent rival, Khaleda Zia, alternated in and out of electric power, with the two recognized as the “Battling Begums” (Begum is a title utilized to refer to a Muslim female of significant rank.)
But right after a long time of bloody electricity battle, Ms Hasina’s AL eventually bought the higher hand and has held on to the reins of governing administration at any time considering the fact that.
Ms Zia’s Bangladesh Nationwide Occasion (BNP) resolved to boycott the final election in 2014 mainly because the AL would not allow the polls to be held below a caretaker authorities.
Lots of analysts now problem if that was a smart selection. Ms Zia, who stays party chief, was despatched to jail on corruption expenses previously this year, in a situation which she claimed was politically enthusiastic.
She was barred from contesting in this year’s election, on account of her new convictions.
In Ms Zia’s absence, former AL minister and Hasina ally Kamal Hossain prospects the major opposition grouping, the Jatiya Oikya Entrance, which involves the BNP.
On the other hand, the 81-12 months-previous lawyer, who drew up the country’s constitution, is not standing in the election, boosting queries as to who would consider electricity need to the opposition acquire.
Will the polls be honest?
A lot of activists, observers and the opposition occasion say they will not likely be.
And an opposition alliance led by the BNP argues that if the vote had been in truth totally free and fair, the Awami League would not be equipped to win a majority.
Human Rights Watch suggests that the govt has embarked on a marketing campaign of intimidation just before the vote.
“Users and supporters of the principal opposition get-togethers have been arrested, killed, even disappeared, creating an environment of dread and repression that is not steady with credible elections,” the group’s Asia director Brad Adams said.
The BNP says that hundreds of countless numbers of scenarios have been filed by law enforcement from its customers and activists in the very last yr.
The govt has denied it is concentrating on the opposition.
Ms Hasina told the BBC on Friday: “On the a person hand, they are putting allegations, on the other hand, they are attacking our get together employees, leaders. That is the tragedy in this nation. They are not finding people’s assist.”
What pledges have been made?
The Jatiya Oikya Front – or Countrywide Unity Front – states it will raise limits on absolutely free speech and the media, if elected.
It also talks about govt accountability, promising to introduce a variety of expression limits and produce an higher property in parliament.
An Islamist bash linked to the BNP – Jamaat-e-Islami – is not authorized to get aspect but far more than twenty users are managing as BNP candidates.
Ms Hasina has stated the opposition alliance is marketing “war criminals”.
Her celebration is jogging on a platform of growing Bangladesh’s GDP development fee to 10% and creating far more than 15 million careers in the following 5 years.